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An abscess, an infected cavity in the anus, and a hole on the skin surrounding the anus are connected by a short tunnel called an anal fistula.

The external opening through which the body exhales wastes is called the anus. Numerous tiny glands that produce mucus are located right inside the anus. These glands can occasionally become clogged and infected, which can result in an abscess. These abscesses have a 50/50 chance of turning into fistulas.

Symptoms

Anal fistula warning signs and symptoms include:

  • A lot of anal abscesses
  • Anus discomfort and swelling
  • excretion (pus) from a hole surrounding the anus that is red or smells bad. Following the fistula’s drainage, the pain could lessen.
  • Anus-related skin irritation caused by drainage
  • Having bowel motions hurt
  • Bleeding
  • Having a fever, chills, and feeling generally worn out
Teatment

Anal fistulas are usually typically treated surgically. An expert in colon and rectal surgery performs the operation. The aim of the procedure is to strike a compromise between closing the fistula and safeguarding the anal sphincter muscles, which could get injured and lead to incontinence.

The majority of fistula surgeries are performed as outpatient procedures, allowing the patient to leave on the same day. After the procedure, patients with exceptionally wide or deep fistula tunnels might need to spend some time in the hospital. To remove some fistulas, many procedures may be necessary.

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